(written for Freight Forwarding)
Domestic freight shipping can be done by air, sea, road, and rail transportation. Choice of the best way depends on destination, cargo content, and sender’s needs. Shipping by air is the best way to send time sensitive freight or to ship goods to remote locations accessible only by air. Sea transportation is the best for tremendous volumes of products that do not need fast delivery. Sea shipping is also the cheapest shipping method. Shipping by road is effective for both small and large deliveries. While selecting a domestic freight shipping company, it is important to compare rates of different companies and check whether it ships safely. Experience of the company and its employees should also be carefully weighed. Freight costs depend on many things but mostly on weight, distance of shipping and method of transportation used. There are major differences between commercial and individual shipping. Commercial shipments are cheaper because companies ship more and do it more often which allows carriers to give large discounts for commercial customers.
Ocean Freight What is it?
- LCL (Less container loading): Less than container load (LCL) is a shipment that is not enough to fill a standard container. LCL is stuffed (loaded) and un-stuffed (discharged) under the risk and at the account of several shippers and consignees.
- FCL (Full container loading): Full Container Load Standard(20′ or 40′ (ft)) is a container that is stuffed under the risk and at the account of one shipper and only one consignee, in practice it means that the whole container is intended for one consignee
- Shipload (Not using container): Break bulk cargo, Bulk Cargoes, Project cargo and Heavy lift, military equipment or almost any other oversized or overweight cargo which is too big or too heavy for a container.
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Truckload – Volume Freight What is it?
Truckload shipping is the movement of large amounts of homogeneous cargo, generally the amount necessary to fill an entire semi-trailer or intermodal container. A truckload carrier is a trucking company that generally contracts an entire trailer-load to a single customer. This is as opposed to a less-than truckload (LTL) company that generally mixes freight from several customers in each trailer. One advantage Full Truckload carriers have over Less than Truckload carriers is that the freight is never handled en route, whereas an LTL shipment will typically be transported on several different trailers.
Air Freight, what is it?
Air transport is a vital component of many international logistics networks, essential to managing and controlling the flow of goods, energy, information and other resources like products, services, and people, from the source of production to the marketplace. It is difficult or nearly impossible to accomplish any international trading, global export/import processes, international repositioning of raw materials/products and manufacturing without professional logistical support. It involves the integration of information, transportation, inventory, warehousing, material handling, and packaging. The operating responsibility of logistics is the geographical repositioning of raw materials, work in process, and finished inventories where required at the lowest cost possible.